Originally, most cat breeds don’t suffer from serious hereditary or genetic conditions. However, in 1950, in England and in the US cat breeders start appearing. With the development of new breeds, genetic and hereditary conditions also developed rapidly. This is why it is important for you to know about the healthiest cat breeds.
A healthy cat will save you visits to the vet, money, and will ensure you a long-lasting relationship. Choosing a furry friend that belongs to a healthy cat breed will also save you from heartache as there is nothing more heartbreaking than seeing your beloved friend in pain.
Here we will list 10 of the healthiest cat breeds there are, and we will show you how to care for your cat to keep them healthy. We will also tell you about the five most common health cat problems so you can take preventive measures where needed. Let’s get started.
Top 10 Healthiest Cat Breeds
All cats can be healthy given proper care, but there are ten breeds that are known for being particularly resistant to illnesses, and here they are.
Although the breed is called Bombay, it has no relationship with India. Its crossing began in the ‘50s in the United States, and it’s a mix between American Shorthair and Burmese.
The Bombay cat is completely black and has shiny, soft hair. They will surely be your companion for many years, as their life expectancy lays between 15 – 20 years.
#2: American Shorthair
A long time ago, this cat breed came to America as sailors’ and pilgrims’ companion. Humans brought them because they needed them to protect their goods from mice and rats.
As the name implies, American Shorthair cats have short hair, plus a muscular and agile body. They are affectionate, healthy, and easy to care for. In addition to this, they are one of the most common domestic cats: you’ve seen at least one in your life, surely.
They aren’t the most athletic breed, which means that you won’t need to play with them 24/7 and from time to time you can really take your time off.
#3: Egyptian Mau
This is a muscular cat breed with silky fur. Have you ever seen the cats in Egyptian paintings? They are very likely the origins of the Egyptian Mau. However, the breed itself was developed when humans brought them from Cairo to Italy, and from there to America. They are active and healthy, although apparently, they aren’t the most affectionate with strangers.
Even though it is an ancient breed, the Egyptian Mau is one of the rarest breeds in the world. So lucky you if you find one. But if you do, make sure they have green eyes, as that is the main characteristic of this breed. When they are kittens, however, they might have another eye-color—a slightly less intense green or even brown.
#4: Russian Blue
Originally from Russia, the Russian Blue cat is very coveted for their blue-gray fur, elegant figure, and strong muscles. They are very playful, and they don’t record any particular genetic or hereditary condition.
Additionally, they are the perfect companion for people with allergies, as recent studies found that they produce less glycoprotein Fel d 1—a source of what’s usually called “cat allergies.” If you have a mild allergy, the Russian Blue is definitely for you.
They have a life expectancy of 12 – 20 years and aren’t prone to illnesses.
The Siamese is one of the most recognizable cat breeds from Asia. Their life expectancy oscillates between 10 – 12 years. The breed is so healthy it has the record of the oldest cat ever reported: amazingly, 30 long years! They are affectionate and very playful even in adulthood.
It is registered that in 1878 the first Siamese cat reached the US and was named “Siam.”
#6: Havana Brown
This beautiful breed has a long, distinctive face and brown, soft hair. The Havana Brown was specifically bred by English breeders in the 50s and is related to the Siamese and domestic black cats.
Physically they are healthy, athletic, but muscular. Personality wise, they are very intelligent and curious and will welcome, smell, and play with any visitor instead of hiding, as many other cats would do.
Another great feature of the Havana Brown is that they require very little grooming!
Manx cats come from the Isle of Man. This breed is, out of all the others on our list, the one that will require more attention from you. A genetic mutation causes them to have that characteristic small tail. For that reason, if you find a Manx—a really rare breed by the way—make sure the first thing you do is take them to the vet to check that their skeletal structure has no major issues.
Aside from that, the Manx is a healthy cat—gregarious, affectionate, and very attached to humans. Just make sure you get your new companion from a responsible, knowledgeable breeder.
#8: Japanese Bobtail
Similar to Manx, the Japanese Bobtail has a very particular feature: their tail looks like that of a bunny. And of course, that’s where the name comes from. They are healthy and can live for up to 15 years.
This breed has appeared in different forms of Japanese art, and it is loved there and in the world.
Have you ever seen that cat souvenir that moves its paw up and down (Maneki Neko)? Well, you guessed it. It is a Japanese Bobtail. And Hello Kitty? Another Japanese Bobtail.
Because they are one of the most genetically diverse cat breeds, kittens rarely die, and adults aren’t prone to illnesses.
If you love fur…the Ragamuffin is for you. They also have a great, friendly, fluffy personality. Are you a long-lasting relationship seeker? The Ragamuffin can live for up to 18 years.
Physically they have a short neck and a muscular, rectangular body, which is hard to see because it is covered by a layer of bunny-like fur. The Ragamuffin was bred from another fluffy breed: the Ragdoll.
Last, but not least, we have the Korat, also known as “the lucky cat.” They will accompany you for up to 15 years. Because the Korat is a natural and ancient breed, they very rarely suffer from health issues. Undoubtedly intelligent, they also have a tremendous and outstanding memory capacity.
5 Most Common Health Issues in Cats
Even though cats aren’t commonly prone to illnesses, cats are living creatures that without proper care can fall sick. These are the five more common health issues you should watch out for:
Usually, vomiting can be a problem when your cat friend has ingested poison. But it could also come from other illnesses, like diabetes or hairballs. Give them enough water. If the vomiting doesn’t seem to stop, collect a sample of the vomit and bring it and your cat right away to the vet, because vomiting could lead to dehydration.
The majority of infections in cats are respiratory, but luckily, in most cases, they can be avoided with a proper vaccination schedule.
#3: Heartworm Disease
Many cats won’t ever have heartworm disease. However, if they do, it could be fatal. How to avoid it? Firstly and most importantly, make sure you have a clean house and litter box at all times.
It is important that you prevent the occurrence of this disease because treating it is not easy and will often take a long time.
Fleas are parasites, and if your cat is infested with them, you can probably see the fleas and their eggs on your cat’s fur. But don’t panic. The cure is quite simple: purchase a product designed to kill them. Make sure the product is special for cats. Unlike dogs, cats are especially sensitive to insecticides.
#5: Kidney Disease
Kidney diseases are especially common among adult cats, but rare among kittens. This disease can be caused by high blood pressure or kidney stones. There is a treatment for it, and if your cat is well taken care of, they will be healthy again in no time.
Cat Care Tips
If you own or decide to own a cat, don’t forget to take good care of them. They are animals, and need love and…showers, healthy food, a clean litter box, and freshwater.
Toys are important especially if you live in an apartment, and visits to the vet to get the required vaccines are a must.
Keep your cat’s claws trimmed, play with them, have a scratching post or scratcher, and make sure your home is cat-safe. And, of course, love your long-lasting companion.
#1: Food and Water
Always, always have fresh water for your cat to drink. If you forget to change it, the water can easily grow bacteria that is hazardous for your cat.
Choose healthy food. There are two types of food for cats: dry and wet. Dry is best when you’re not at home or around often.
Another important aspect is: don’t just make your cat fat with an overwhelming amount of food. Take into account your cat’s weight and recommendations from the vet.
See Also: How Many Calories Should a Cat Eat
Cats need to be given a bath from time to time. But how are you going to achieve such a challenging task? Firstly, two baths a year should be enough. It is vital that you accustom your kitten as early as possible to showers. Make sure you use a gentle shampoo for cats and avoid the eyes and the nose.
Dry and brush your fluffy friend afterward. Trim your cat’s claws with special scissors—twice per month is enough. The scissors you’ll use should be sharp at all times. Take special care of not cutting them too deep.
#3: Cat-Proof Your House
If you have a very high balcony, you might want to cover it or keep the door closed. You don’t want your cat to miss his/her jump and fall down. Keep in mind that cats are intelligent, curious, and always ready to play. Look at your surroundings—is there anything that your cat could climb and fall down from?
Do not leave pills or meds around, or small objects that could cause choking. Nevertheless, many plants are also dangerous for cats, so make sure you do your research before purchasing a new plant or flower.
#4: Litter Box
It is a must to ensure that the litter box your cat uses is suitable—not so small that your cat can’t fit, neither too big. And of course, it needs to remain clean at all times. If unclean, it can grow bacteria that leads to infections, which are, after genetic conditions, the most common source of illnesses.
At the same time, a clean litter box will keep you, your beloved, and your house illness-free.
Keeping the litter box clean is a chore nobody enjoys, but everyone must do. But how?! How?! First of all, chose a good location to place it. If you have enough space, avoid the kitchen or anywhere where it could get in contact with food or water.
Secondly, bear in mind there are different types of litter box; ask the dealer which is more appropriate for your lifestyle and your cat’s breed. Don’t forget to have the instruments you need to clean it placed close to it.
And finally, place under the litter box old newspaper or a litter mat in case your dear cat misses and makes everything a potentially huge mess.
And there you have it—the ten healthiest cat breeds. But remember that the future of your pet is in your own hands; this isn’t just about genetics. You should always provide your cat with a good diet and a friendly environment.
Comment below and let us know what cat you have or which one you’re planning on getting. Do you have any other cat care tips or healthy breeds? Please share them! Next, check out our article on what are cats allergic to so you can keep your feline friend safe.